Merida Mithraeum House

This building was found fortuitously in the early 1960s, and is located on the southern slope of Mount San Albín. Its proximity to the location of Mérida’s Mithraeum led to its current name. The whole house was built in blocks of unworked stone with reinforced corners. It demonstrates the peristyle house with interior garden and a room of the famous western sector Cosmogonic Mosaic, an allegorical representation of the elements of nature (rivers, winds, etc.) overseen by the figure of Aion. The complex has been recently roofed and renovated.
As mentioned above, it is not considered the actual mithraeum but a domus. The remains of the mithraeum are uphill from it in a plot corresponding to a current bullring. This site has rendered prime examples of the remnants of Mithraism. According to professor Jaime Alvar Ezquerra of the Charles III University of Madrid, the oldest mithraeum artifacts are observed outside of Rome and Mérida “is at the head of the provincial places where the cult is encountered”. These are currently located in the National Museum of Roman Art in Mérida, including the latest remains found in excavations as recently as 2003. He notes that some of the sculptures being discovered at the site are in very good condition, leading him to believe they were “hidden on purpose”.MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1558 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1559 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1560 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1561 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1562 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1563 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1564 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1565 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1566 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1567 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1568 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1569 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1570 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1571 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1573 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1574 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1575 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1576 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1554 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1555 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1556 MERIDA_ILLA__IMG_1557