The National Museum of Damascus lies in the West of the City, between the Damascus University and the Tekkiye Mosque Complex, at the Shoukry Al-Qouwatly street.
The museum was founded in 1919 at Madrasseh al Adiliyeh. The current building was constructed in 1936, with wings being added in 1956 and 1975.
The facade of the museum is built from the front of an Islamic palace, which was transferred and restored as the museum’s main entrance. The Museum’s unique findings are: Restorations of the Dura Europos Synagogue from the 3rd century AD; The hypogeum of Yarhai from Palmyra, dating to 108 AD; And the façade and frescoes of Qasr Al-Hayr al Gharbi, which dates back to the 8th century and lies 80 km south of Palmyra. The exhibits are organised into 5 wings;
Prehistoric Age, remains and skeletons from different Stone-Age periods, most notably the neolitihic period, as well as objects and finds discovered in the basin of the Orontes River, the Euphrates and Tell Ramad in southwestern Syria.
Ancient Syria, many Exhibits from ancient sites such as Ebla, Mari, Ugarit and Tell Halaf. The most important of these is an Ugaritan tablet, on which is the world’s first Alphabet. Other findings include tablets and amulets from Ugari, Ebla and Mari, and sculptures from Tell Halaf.
Classical Age, this wing contains classical Syrian artefacts. The displays include sculptures, marble and stone sarcophagi, mosaics, jewelry and coins from the Seleucid, Roman and Byzantine periods. The findings are from sites such as Palmyra, Dura Europos, Mount Druze, and more. Most important exhibit from the classical era is a reconstruction of a 3d century Palmyrene tomb, the Hypogeum of Yarhai, as well as the 2nd century Dura-Europos synagogue.
Islamic Age, the facade of an Islamic palace has been moved and reconstructed as the museum’s main entrance. Some of the contents of the palace are also located in the museum, including carvings.
It also contains many exhibits made of glass and metal, as well as coins, from different periods of Islamic History. There are also scriptures from the Umayyad era to the Ottomans.
There is also a hall containing an example of a traditional Syrian home, which was obtained from an old house which goes back to the 18th century.