Beyond the medieval city wall lies the Roman Amphitheater.
When you enter the premises you walk through the ruins of the entrance gate. This was used as a quarry in the Middle Ages. The arena itself is surrounded by a protecting wall with openings for animal cages.
The arena, built in the 2nd century A.D. for games with gladiators and animals, had a seating capacity of about 20,000.
With its crystal-clear acoustics, the Amphitheatre serves as a venue for the Antiquity Festival and is used today for occasional open-air concerts.
Underneath the arena is a vast cellar.
From Neanderthal Man to the Present: Time Travel across 400,000 Years Cultural History in the Rhineland
Due to its superb collection as the only museum of cultural history in the Rhineland, the LVR-LandesMuseum shows the development of the region from its beginnings to the present day. In the permanent exhibition, the visitor is greeted with an eventful journey through time, from the Stone Age up to today. Not only is the world-famous original Neanderthal man (40,000 years B.C.) on display here, but also the world’s largest Neolithic well. Further highlights are the Fritzdorf gold beaker from the Bronze Age, the Pfalzfeld Column dating from Celtic times, and a treasure that had once belonged to a Celtic princess from Waldalgesheim. Roman times may be discovered in one of the best Roman provincial collections in all of Germany. Highlights from Frankish times are the splendid grave of the Lord von Morken and what is most likely the best collection of Frankish gold disc fibulae clasps in all of Europe. A zenith in art of the 12th century, the Romanesque sculpture frieze from Gustorf brings us into Christian Europe. Landscape painting from the Renaissance to well into the 19th century is a further emphasis in the collection. Modern painting from Expressionism and the New Objectivity, by way of Informel, and up to recent contemporary art round out what all the museum has to offer. The important Photograph Collection and Department of Prints and Drawings are introduced with ever new thematic emphases. The LVR-LandesMuseum presents its important holdings with seven thematic tours ranging from the Stone Age to the Present Day.