LVR-Landesmuseum Bonn

From Neanderthal Man to the Present: Time Travel across 400,000 Years Cultural History in the Rhineland

Due to its superb collection as the only museum of cultural history in the Rhineland, the LVR-LandesMuseum shows the development of the region from its beginnings to the present day. In the permanent exhibition, the visitor is greeted with an eventful journey through time, from the Stone Age up to today. Not only is the world-famous original Neanderthal man (40,000 years B.C.) on display here, but also the world’s largest Neolithic well. Further highlights are the Fritzdorf gold beaker from the Bronze Age, the Pfalzfeld Column dating from Celtic times, and a treasure that had once belonged to a Celtic princess from Waldalgesheim. Roman times may be discovered in one of the best Roman provincial collections in all of Germany. Highlights from Frankish times are the splendid grave of the Lord von Morken and what is most likely the best collection of Frankish gold disc fibulae clasps in all of Europe. A zenith in art of the 12th century, the Romanesque sculpture frieze from Gustorf brings us into Christian Europe. Landscape painting from the Renaissance to well into the 19th century is a further emphasis in the collection. Modern painting from Expressionism and the New Objectivity, by way of Informel, and up to recent contemporary art round out what all the museum has to offer. The important Photograph Collection and Department of Prints and Drawings are introduced with ever new thematic emphases. The LVR-LandesMuseum presents its important holdings with seven thematic tours ranging from the Stone Age to the Present Day.

– Celtic objects

– Roman glass objects

– Mosaics

– Statues

– Roman objects



Visit April 2017

Mainz has a rich roman history as military fortress.

Some sites are still visible such as the theatre (not very well maintained alas) and the excellent maintained, not so long ago discovered, Isis temple, an undergroundsmall museum in a shopping mall with the applicable name Romer Passage.

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Roman Mogontiacum

The Roman stronghold or castrum Mogontiacum, the precursor to Mainz, was founded by the Roman general Drusus perhaps as early as 13/12 BC. As related by Suetonius the existence of Mogontiacum is well established by four years later (the account of the death and funeral of Nero Claudius Drusus), though several other theories suggest the site may have been established earlier. Although the city is situated opposite the mouth of the Main river, the name of Mainz is not from Main, the similarity being perhaps due to diachronic analogy. Main is from Latin Menus, the name the Romans used for the river. Linguistic analysis of the many forms that the name “Mainz” has taken on make it clear that it is a simplification of Mogontiacum. The name appears to be Celtic and ultimately it is. However, it had also become Roman and was selected by them with a special significance. The Roman soldiers defending Gallia had adopted the Gallic god Mogons (Mogounus, Moguns, Mogonino), for the meaning of which etymology offers two basic options: “the great one”, similar to Latin magnus, which was used in aggrandizing names such as Alexander magnus, “Alexander the Great” and Pompeius magnus, “Pompey the great”, or the god of “might” personified as it appears in young servitors of any type whether of noble or ignoble birth.

Mogontiacum was an important military town throughout Roman times, probably due to its strategic position at the confluence of the Main and the Rhine. The town of Mogontiacum grew up between the fort and the river. The castrum was the base of Legio XIIII Gemina and XVI Gallica (AD 9–43), XXII Primigenia, IIII Macedonica (43–70), I Adiutrix (70–88), XXI Rapax (70–89), and XIIII Gemina (70–92), among others. Mainz was also a base of a Roman river fleet, the Classis Germanica. Remains of Roman troop ships (navis lusoria) and a patrol boat from the late 4th century were discovered in 1982/86 and may now be viewed in the Museum für Antike Schifffahrt. A temple dedicated to Isis Panthea and Magna Mater was discovered in 2000 and is open to the public. The city was the provincial capital of Germania Superior, and had an important funeral monument dedicated to Drusus, to which people made pilgrimages for an annual festival from as far away as Lyon. Among the famous buildings were the largest theatre north of the Alps and a bridge across the Rhine.

Alemanni forces under Rando sacked the city in 368. From the last day of 405 or 406, the Siling and Asding Vandals, the Suebi, the Alans, and other Germanic tribes crossed the Rhine, possibly at Mainz. Christian chronicles relate that the bishop, Aureus, was put to death by the Alemannian Crocus. The way was open to the sack of Trier and the invasion of Gaul.

Roman theatre
Throughout the changes of time, the Roman castrum never seems to have been permanently abandoned as a military installation, which is a testimony to Roman military judgement. Different structures were built there at different times. The current citadel originated in 1660, but it replaced previous forts. It was used in World War II.
One of the sights at the citadel is still the cenotaph raised by legionaries to commemorate their Drusus.
Discovered in the early 1900’s when they were building the Mainz South Rail Station, these ruins give a glimpse of Roman life in Mainz. According to historians, this theater could hold 10,000 people.
It is located next to the Mainz South (Roman Theater) Rail Station and is below the Citadel.

Mainz Isis Heiligtum
In 1999, two blocks of shops were pulled down in the centre of the city of Mainz on a site that in Roman times was not far from the major road that led from the camp of leg. XIV Gemina to the bridge over the Rhine. This chapter provides basic information about the sanctuary of Isis and Mater Magna. It comprises several cult-rooms and – as usual in mystery-cults – rooms for meetings and banquets, also a well and a latrine. The sanctuary is of very considerable importance for the social and religious history of Germania Superior, and indeed the north-western provinces of the Roman Empire. The joint sanctuary of Isis and Mater Magna at Mainz and the lead tablets found there are important in this context for three reasons.

Mainz Landesmuseum Pre-Historic and Roman Departments. Antiquities from the Mainz area, including a Venus-like statue from 23,000 BC; stone axes from the Late Stone Age; Roman stone memorials; busts of bronze and marble; a 1st-century Roman Jupiter Column; a 3rd-century Roman arch.



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Roman Museum Greek Neolithic
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Welcome, my name is Hans Otten, born in Weesp near Amsterdam, now living in the south of the Netherlands with Sophie Chermin.

Sites with remains of  classical antiquity times have always fascinated me. These sites, often quiet, in remote locations, or excavated in  large modern cities or the stunning remains displayed in museums are the link between us and people from long gone, people that lived and thrived then and there and left their marks in history.

These pages span forty years of traveling to visit sites from antiquity  and taking photographs. It started in 1975 with a trip to the south of France, where I saw Roman ruins in Nimes, Arles (revisited in 2017) and La Turbie.
Traveling continued in the next years to Italy (many times revisited since!) , Greece and  Egypt and Asia, middle and far east.
After a short break  to raise the kids! I continued my travels to the south of Europe and a bit further away (China, Japan, Indonesia) from 2007 and now travel with Sophie Chermin since 2011.

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Roman Museum Greek Neolithic
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I hope you enjoy my and Sophie’s photographs of the sites and little artefacts like tickets and postcards and leaflets, and some stories, mostly stolen from wikipedia. Note that most of the photos come from my larger collection of travel photography: There all locations we visit on our trips are documented.

This site also show the progress in equipment.
From 1975 to around 2000 I used analogue camera’s, especially the Praktika XL SLR with lenses wide 29mm, normal 50 mm and telelens 125mm. I made slides, mostly on Agfa material. Digitized in the years 2000-2012.
In 2002 a Casio QV4000 was bought, and for my travel to China in 2007 a Canon Powershot A710IS.
In 2009 a Canon S90 took the main place, I still have and use regularly that little perfect camera!
2010 saw the arrival of a Canon 1000D DSLR with standard and 250mm zoom, 2012 the Canon G1 X. A Canon 1200D DSL was added in 2013 with 18-133 mm zoom, and Sophie used a Canon Powershot S95.
In 2016 my collection of Canon lenses was put to good usage with the semi professional Canon 70D DSLR and a Canon 100D DSLR  with 18-55 mm for Sophie.

A list of years and destinations:

This site started life in October 2015 and was feature complete with 300 pages in March 2016. Last update December 2022, see the blog for recent additions.

License: Hans Otten, Sophie Chermin, 2015-2019 (C) Creative Commons Non-commercial – With Attribution

My sites

Links to the sites on the and .com and domains
Main website, about electronic kits (my former Philips bouwdozen mainly) and my former LP collection and my Radio Bulletin articles 1977-1986.
About SBC computers, mainly 6502 CPU based such as KIM-1 and Elektor/Elektuur.
The computer language Pascal and other Niklaus Wirth languages history and  on small computers.
On Arduino, Raspberry Pi and ESP8266 IOT computing.
Photos and videos of our travels from the early years to the last!
Photo’s and descriptions of all sites we have visited (ruined sites and museums) of antquity (mainly greco-roman, some neolithic, some far east).
Sophie’s blog about her hobbies



Ceuclum, het hedendaagse Cuijk, was een Romeinse nederzetting in de provincie Neder-Germanië (Germania Inferior). Ceuclum staat vermeld op de Peutinger kaart (Tabula Peutingeriana) tussen Blariacum ((Hout-)Blerick) en Noviomagi (Nijmegen).

Het stadje houdt de herinnering aan Ceuclum in ere, met vele verwijzingen en een leuk klein gratis museum in de oude toren.



Finished for now!

And the job is done! 308 pages, thousands of photos, all my material on ancient sites is online, categorized, in correct hierarchy and the best quality I can achieve with the raw material!

Now up to visit more ancient sites to add to the pages!  Notably missing and nearby are the Louvre, Britisch Musem, Vienna, Bruxelles to name a few museums, France and Spain is filled with ancient sites to  explore and Rome, Italy is tempting ….