olymp_griek78b079Olympia (Greek: Ὀλυμπία; Ancient Greek, a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis on the Peloponnese peninsula, is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times.
The Olympic Games were held every four years throughout Classical Antiquity, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. The first Olympic Games were in honor of Zeus. The sanctuary, known as the Altis, consists of an unordered arrangement of various buildings. Enclosed within the temenos (sacred enclosure) are the Temple of Hera (or Heraion/Heraeum), the Temple of Zeus, the Pelopion, and the area of the altar, where the sacrifices were made.
olymp_griek78b075To the north of the sanctuary can be found the Prytaneion and the Philippeion, as well as the array of treasuries representing the various city-states. The Metroon lies to the south of these treasuries, with the Echo Stoa to the east. The hippodrome and later stadium were located east of the Echo Stoa. To the south of the sanctuary is the South Stoa and the Bouleuterion, whereas the Palaestra, the workshop of Pheidias, the Gymnasion, and the Leonidaion lie to the west. Olympia was also known for the gigantic ivory and gold statue of Zeus that used to stand there, sculpted by Pheidias, which was named one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World by Antipater of Sidon. Very close to the Temple of Zeus which housed this statue, the studio of Pheidias was excavated in the 1950s. Evidence found there, such as sculptor’s tools, corroborates this opinion. The ancient ruins sit north of the Alfeios River and south of Mount Kronos (named after the Greek deity Kronos). olymp_gr78dia102olymp_griek78b066olymp_griek78b077olymp_griek78b073 olymp_gr78dia101 olymp_gr78dia100 olymp_gr78dia099 olymp_gr78dia098 olymp_gr78dia097 olymp_gr78dia096 olymp_gr78dia095 olymp_gr78dia094 olymp_gr78dia093 olymp_gr78dia092 olymp_gr78dia091 olymp_gr78dia090olymp_griek78b074 olymp_griek78b078

Praktika XL, Agfa slides, 1978, postcards