The Acropolis of Rhodes (Modern Greek: Ακρόπολη της Ρόδου) is an acropolis dating from the Classical Greek period (5th–3rd century BC) 3 kilometers from the centre of Rhodes, in the island with the same name, Greece. The partially reconstructed part of the site consists of the “Temple of Apollo” (also, as alternatives Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus) which is a stadium and a small theatre.
Temple of Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus. Located at the northern extreme of the Acropolis in an east-west orientation, this stately temple was dominated by Doric columned porticos on all sides, and originally housed the written treaties the Rhodians held with other states. The temple was bounded by a stoa to the east.
Nymphaeums. Just southeast of the Temple of Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus are four subterranean “structures” cut into the rock, featuring entrance steps, passages, and a large opening in the central roof, along with water cisterns, foliage, and interior niches for statuettes. These “caves” were used for worship and recreational purposes.
Temple of Pythian Apollo. Smaller than the Temple of Athena Polias and Zeus Polieus, this structure boasts a similar east-west orientation, but is located on the southern end, just west of a large rectangular terrace. Part of the northeast side of this porous peripteral temple has been restored.
This small marble theatre held approximately 800 spectators. Situated northwest of the Stadium, it is believed to have been used for musical performances and rhetoric lessons of prominent Rhodians.
Stoa Building. The impressive façade was visible from even the harbor. Today just one foundation wall remains.
Artemision. The Artemis cult’s place of worship is situated on the northeast side of the hill, amidst the ruins of other structures of similar function.
Stadium. Located on the southeast side of the hill, the 210-metre north-south Stadium was initially restored by the Italians. It’s surviving features include the sphendone (rounded end with turning post), proedries (officials’ seats), and some of the spectator seating. The starting apparatus used in the athletic events has also been preserved. Athletic events of the Haleion Games, honoring Helios, were held here.